Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) causes areas of the intestines to become inflamed and have ulcers, or sores. Although the cause of IBD is unknown, experts believe that the disease may be genetic.
IBD affects a smaller percentage of children than adults. A child with IBD will have abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhoea, weight loss, fever, lethargy, and a constant urge to have a bowel movement.
There are two different IBD diagnoses: Ulcerative colitis is a form of IBD that attacks the inner lining of the large intestine, while Chron’s disease is a form of IBD that attacks the deep layers of tissue in the small intestine and the colon. Unlike ulcerative colitis, Chron’s disease can show up anywhere within the entire gastrointestinal track, from the anus to the mouth.IBD is treated with several medications that suppress the immune system and reduce inflammation. Antibiotics are also used to heal infections from the ulcers.
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