The inside of the nose is loaded with very small blood vessels that will easily bleed, especially in children. Most nosebleeds are caused by colds, allergies and infections of the sinus. Of course a trauma, like getting hit in the nose or picking at the inside of the nose can also cause a bleed. And occasionally the problem is a result of an abnormal growth in the nose.
Frequent nosebleeds in children are usually nothing to worry about. Most often, the dry climate will cause a child to wake up with a nosebleed or you may see dried blood on his pillow in the morning.
In most cases, nosebleeds are harmless, but there are times when you should contact the doctor:
· If your child has a nose bleed after falling or being struck in the head there could be internal damage causing the bleed.
· If it seems as though your toddler is losing too much blood or you just cannot get the bleeding to stop.
· If your child has recently started taking a medication and all of a sudden is having nosebleeds.
· If your toddler has frequent nosebleeds and bruises too easily.
· If your toddler’s gums also bleed after he brushes his teeth.
To stop a nosebleed, first have your child spit out any blood that has accumulated in his mouth. Use a clean cloth to gently pinch the soft area of the nose closed. Do not pinch too hard and keep the pressure applied for about 10 minutes. After ten minutes, let go of the nose and check to see if the bleeding has stopped. This will usually do the trick.
Contrary to popular belief, do not tilt your child’s head back or have them lie down. This can let the blood run down his throat and make him sick to his stomach.
Also, do not pack cotton or other things inside the nose. Clots must form in the small vessels of the nose and if you pack cotton in, as soon as you remove it, chances are the bleeding will start all over again.
If the nosebleed is the result of getting hit in the nose, an icepack will do wonders to keep the swelling down. Apply an ice pack with a towel around it for 15 minutes at a time.