A seizure is the result of abnormal brain function. The nerve cells in the brain give out electrical charge. If too many nerve cells fire at once, it may cause a seizure.
 
There are two categories of seizures. Focal seizures, also called partial seizures, are the result of abnormal brain activity on one side of the brain. Generalised seizures are a result of abnormal brain activity on both sides of the brain.
 
A mild seizure may last a few seconds to a few minutes. A child may simply stare off into space and be unresponsive, or they might twitch. More serious seizures last for several minutes. The child may fall down, lose consciousness, have convulsions, and even lose control of the bladder and bowel.
 
There are several factors that can lead to a seizure in a toddler; fever, certain medications, trauma to the head, some diseases, and brain disorders. The most common type of childhood seizure is a febrile seizure (a seizure caused from high fever). Febrile seizures are usually harmless although they are scary for a parent to witness. If your child has a seizure of any kind, you should get them in to see the doctor even if you believe it was just a febrile seizure.

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