Normally, people are able to see because the front part of the eye refracts light and points it to the back surface of the eye (retina). Myopia occurs when the length of the eye is greater than the optical length.  This makes it difficult for the eyes to focus light properly which is why distant objects appear blurry. The exact cause of myopia in children is not known. It does generally run in families and children seem to inherit a tendency to develop the eye condition from their parents. It usually develops in childhood and later stabilises when they progress into adulthood.
Aside from genetics, there are certain other factors which are known to cause myopia in children.  Premature birth may increase the likelihood that a baby or young child may develop myopia. The chances are increased if the baby has retinopathy of prematurity.
Also, certain eye conditions such as cataracts can also cause myopia.
Learn more about diagnosing myopia



Hello Mama!
Help us help you by allowing us and our partners to remember your device as having browsed MummyPages and serve you better content and ads

We're on a mission to help our mums and their families thrive by informing, connecting and entertaining.

Join us in our mission by consenting to the use of cookies and IP address recognition by us and our partners to serve you content (including ads) best suited to your interests, both here and around the web.

We promise never to share any other information that may be deemed personal unless you explicitly tell us it's ok.

If you want more info, see our privacy policy.