Bullying can be defined as being when an individual or a group continually and intentionally use or abuse their power to intimidate hurt, damage or oppress another person. Bullying can be either physical or emotional and can be done in secret or can be cyber based (i.e. It happens online through the medium of social networks or even through mobile phones).
There are five different types of bullying behaviour:
Physical bullying: the use of physical actions such as hitting, poking, tripping or pushing to hurt and intimidate someone. The repeated and intentional damaging of another person’s property also falls under this category.
Verbal bullying: involves using negative words, such as name calling, insults, racist or homophobic insults, or using words that will intentionally hurt or upset someone.
Social bullying: the use of lies, nasty pranks or the spreading of rumours. This also extends to repeated mimicking or deliberately excluding someone.
Cyber bullying: this is a relatively new form of bullying which involves the use of technology to verbally, socially or psychologically bully someone. It can occur in chat rooms, on social networking sites or through emails or mobile phones.
Psychological bullying: Where words or actions are repeatedly intentionally used to psychologically harm someone. This includes stalking, manipulating someone or intimidation.
It isn’t bullying when:
Mutual arguments or disagreements occur
A single episode of social rejection occurs
A single episode of spite or nasty behaviour occurs towards an individual person
A random act of aggressive behaviour or intimidation occurs