You asked

What are the most common eye problems in grandparents eyes?

As we age our eyes become more prone to different problems and regular eye exams are necessary to detect any underlying problems. Some of the most common problems in grandparent’s eyes include:
  • Drooping eyelids: caused by loss of elasticity in the eyelids and muscles that control them, causes the eyelids to droop and sag. It doesn’t usually cause any vision loss or discomfort.
  • Dry eyes: caused by degeneration of the tear duct, an eye infection or a side affect from medication such as an antihistamine.
  • Excessive tearing: blocked tear ducts, drooping of eyelids, eye infection.
  • Presbyopia: with age the lens of the eye loses elasticity which results in the inability to focus on near objects. Corrective glasses or contact lenses can help resolve this problem. Frequent examinations are necessary as the prescription may change.
  • Floaters: little specks of debris which float through the vitreous fluid in the eye. They are normally only visible when someone is feeling light headed or is looking at a light background (such as a blue sky). If however, you begin to experience them more frequently, if they start appearing in every background, increase in amount, or if there is any accompanying vision loss then it is vital immediate medical advice is sought as they could be symptomatic of a detached retina.
  • Blurred vision: There are 3 main causes of blurred vision and all require urgent medical attention. Cataract; the lens of the eye becomes progressively clouded, blocking light entry and resulting in blurred vision. Glaucoma; this is caused by an abnormal rise in pressure in the eyes that damages the optic nerve and results in loss of vision and narrowed visual field. Irreversible damage or even blindness could occur if not treated promptly. Age-related macular degeneration; the macula is the part of the retina which contains the most optic cells and nerve fibres. It is essential for fine and central vision. The macula gradually degenerates with age.
It is important if you are experiencing any of these symptoms that you contact your G.P. or ophthalmologist immediately. 

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