You asked

How does my baby's sight develop?

At first, your baby can only see 10-15 inches in front of her. She can make out light, shapes, and movement behind you but everything else is blurry. After a week or so, babies can see red, orange, yellow, and green. It will take them a little longer to see violet and blue. Your face is the most fascinating thing to a baby right now so make sure to give her lots of close up time.
 
Also, hanging a brightly coloured mobile over her cot will keep her mesmerised!
 
1-2 months
 
When your baby was first born her eyes couldn’t focus together, they will have crossed or wandered now and then. Between the age of 1 and 2 months she will be able to focus both eyes consistently and follow a moving object. Watch how transfixed she becomes as you pass a rattle, back and forth in front of her face.  After the first month or so, your baby’s brain will begin to try and distinguish between red and orange. She will probably begin to show a preference for bright, primary colours and more detailed and complicated designs. Encourage this development by showing your baby pictures, books, and toys. You should also stimulate both sides of your baby’s body by moving a child’s arms or legs simultaneously. This will aid in the development of bilateral and binocular development.
 
4 months
 
Your baby will begin to develop depth perception. Until now, she found it difficult to locate an object’s position, size, and shape and then to get a message to her brain to reach out and grab it. At four months, she has developed better hand-eye coordination which allows her to quickly locate and pick up objects! You can help your baby practice by offering her rattles to grasp.
 
You should also keep a night light on in her room to provide visual stimulation while she is awake in her crib.
 
 
6 months
 
By the age of 6 months, significant changes have occurred in the vision centres of the brain, which allows your infant to see more clearly and move her eyes quicker and more accurately so they can follow moving objects. Visual acuity should have improved from 20/400 to 20/40 by this stage. Six months is also an important milestone as this is the age they should have their first eye exam. Even though your baby obviously can’t read the eye chart yet, your optometrist can perform non verbal tests to check for visual acuity, and to detect myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. He can also evaluate her alignment and check for vision problems such as strabismus and amblyopia.
 
 
8-12 months
 
Your baby’s vision is now strong enough to recognise people and objects across the room although her attention is probably still focused on objects that are close by. Your baby probably spends a good portion of her day crawling about and getting into all sorts of scrapes. At this stage you should be vigilant as bumps, bruises, and eye injuries are likely to occur as she explores her environment. Make sure to block stairs and lock any cabinets that contain cleaning products.
 
Don’t be surprised if your baby’s eyes change colour during this time. This is because as your baby develops more dark pigment is produced in the iris and as a result eye colour can change.
 
To help your baby’s development at this stage, give them toys they can stack and take apart. 

More questions

Children's eyes are sensitive so it is vital to protect them from the sun's harmful rays.
Your young child can have their eyes tested even if they can't read
Regular eye exams are essential in order to monitor your child's eyesight.
There are some signs to watch out for if you think your child may have a vision problem. 
Should your child get any kind of chemical in her eye you should treat it as an emergency and bring her to the hospital immediately.
You should take your child to their G.P. or to the hospital if you notice any of these symptoms. 
You should seek immediate medical attention if an object seems to be imbedded in your child's eye. 
If your child appears to have something in his eye you should seek immediate medical attention if it is imbedded in the eye. 
As your baby learns to crawl and begins to explore her surroundings you will need to child proof your house to prevent eye injuries.
Babies and young children are always getting up to all sorts of mischief and eye injuries are quite common. It is important to always consult with your G.P. should any eye injuries occur. 

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