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What is ovulation and how to detect it

Ovulation is the time of the month when you are fertile and could become pregnant through intercourse. This is your best chance to get pregnant each month.
Scientifically speaking, it is when an egg is released from your ovary and makes its way down the fallopian tubes into the uterus.

Sometimes your ovaries release more than one egg. Contrary to popular belief, your ovaries do not alternate. The release of an egg by which ovary is entirely arbitrary.
When you are trying to get pregnant, taking advantage of ovulation takes on keen importance. The biggest problem is that your ovulation period is not stagnant. That is, one month it may occur dead center of your cycle and the next month it may off several days either way.
Your best shot at achieving pregnancy is by having sex one to two days prior to ovulation through roughly 24 hours afterward.
Many women combat this by counting backwards from the expected date of their period about 15 days. Then they ensure that they are having sex every other day from about six days prior to then. Since there is so much variance in ovulation dates from month to month, this gives you good odds at getting pregnant.

A more accurate way to determine your ovulation date is to buy an ovulation predictor kit. It works similarly to a pregnancy test, except you pee on the stick to see if you are ovulating or not. You would use the same counting backward from your anticipated period date method plus six days, and begin peeing on a stick a day until the kit tells you that are indeed ovulating.
Many women swear by being in tune with the changes in their bodies at ovulation. Specifically, cervical mucus can indicate ovulation. Your cervical mucus will be at roughly the consistency of an egg white: clear, stretchy and slippery. How can you check your cervical mucus? You will need to insert your fingers into your body and pull out some mucus. You will know you are about to ovulate when the mucus can stretch between your fingers roughly three inches (8cm) or so.
If you check your mucus and discover you are about to ovulate, then you will want to ensure you and your partner have intercourse over the course of the next few days.  
Alternatively, use our ovulation calculator - it will estimate your ovulation date based on the length of your normal cycle. 
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More questions

The best timing for pregnancy testing is once you miss your period.
Ectopic pregnancies are fertilized eggs which implant themselves outside of the uterus. They must be terminated and can indicate future fertility issues.
Ovulation is the period during which you can conceive. Tracking ovulation can be tricky, but you can increase your chances of conceiving through math, prediction kits, or simple scientific observation.
Implantation bleeding is not a common experience, but some women do report small amounts of blood with or without cramping roughly a week or less before their anticipated period.
Pregnancy tests are only as good as the execution. Read all instructions to avoid getting inaccurate results on a home pregnancy test.
The best over the counter kits measure luteinizing hormone (LH).
There are many things that you can do to increase your chances of getting pregnant.
How STD’s can affect your pregnancy, your baby and how you should deal with them during pregnancy.
Taking care of your body before and during pregnancy
Ovulation occurs just about two weeks after the first day of your period.