You asked

How does a child learn to read?

When a child learns to read they must follow a process that requires mastering three different skills: phonics syntax, and semantics.

•    Syntax is basically grammar and punctuation. It’s the way we put works together to properly form sentences. A child who grasps the rules of syntax understands the structure of a sentence and how and why punctuation is used in the sentence. Syntax skills are developed through rhyming and word patterns, relating the written word to the spoken word, writing, poetry, reading out loud with expression.
•    Semantics is how those words in the sentence relate to each other. Semantic skills are developed through reading paragraph books (stories with a beginning, middle, and ending) and discussing a story as it is being read.
•    Phonics is an alphabetical code that teaches a child the sounds that are made by letters and groups of letters - it’s the sounds that letters and groups of letters make. Phonics skills are developed through learning how to sound out words, being able to recognise groups of letters, and learning to differentiate words that are similar.

More questions

Sometime around the age of four, your child will begin to take an interest in his name. This is because he is starting to learn letters and can recognise those letters that belong in his name.
Get your child’s attention immediately by whispering to him - this let’s your child think that something fantastic is about to happen!
Most four year old children are just beginning to understand the concept that letters make words, and words tell a story.
At four years of age, most children are just beginning to understand the concept that letters make words, and words tell a story.
You will find that your child is a very willing little helper at this age. Let him help you with anything that you feel he is capable of doing - all these things will help to teach him responsibility.
A typical 4 year old child is usually able to count up to ten or more
At 4 years of age, a child’s learning method is very visual.
By three years old, your child is more aware of colours, and with a little help, he or she should be able to tell them apart, and name them, soon.
A typical 3 year old can hold up the correct number of fingers when they are asked how old they are.
Even though it’s too early for your three year old to learn how to read, you can help kick start the process with a few easy tips.

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